What Are The Main Features Of 42nd Amendment?

What can be rightly said about the Indian Constitution?

What can be rightly said about the Indian Constitution.

Explanation: To achieve the balance of challenging modernity without losing sight of our most fundamental ideals, our Constitution contains rigidity and flexibility at the same time..

What are the two aims of 42nd constitutional amendment?

The two aims: To lower the authority of supreme court and high court for the validity of constitutional laws. It made the use of the power fundamental duties by the people of India to the nation.

What is the aim of 42nd Amendment?

The 42nd Amendment is regarded as the most controversial constitutional amendment in history. It attempted to reduce the power of the Supreme Court and High Courts to pronounce upon the constitutional validity of laws. It laid down the Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens to the nation.

When was Article 370 removed?

After the resolution was adopted by both houses of the parliament, the president issued Constitutional Order 273 on 6 August 2019 replacing the extant text of Article 370 with the following text: 370.

Who is the guardian of constitution?

The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the country and acts as guardian of the Constitution and serves as the final court of appeal.

Can the preamble be amended?

It has been clarified by the Supreme Court that being a part of the Constitution, the Preamble can be subjected to Constitutional Amendments exercised under article 368, however, the basic structure cannot be altered. Therefore it is considered as the heart and soul of the Constitution.

What is the benefit of removing Article 370?

Several restrictions on transfer of land existed. Any landowner who wishes to sell his land would benefit from increased prices. There will be no change in ownership due to removal of Article 370.

What is 42nd Amendment why it is known as mini constitution?

It provided parliament the power to amend any part of the constitution including Fundamental rights. … 42nd amendment, 1976: It was called as Mini constitution of India and was brought during national emergency. 1. Preamble: It inserted words Socialist, Secular and Integrity in the preamble. 2.

When was the last amendment passed?

May 7, 1992AMENDMENT XXVII Originally proposed Sept. 25, 1789. Ratified May 7, 1992. No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

Is India a secular today?

With the Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India enacted in 1976, the Preamble to the Constitution asserted that India is a secular nation. … In practice, unlike Western notions of secularism, India’s secularism does not separate religion and state.

Has Article 370 Been Removed?

As stated earlier, the entirety of article 370 can be repealed under article 370(3), but this requires a recommendation from the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. However, the Constituent Assembly was dissolved on January 25, 1957, without recommending the abrogation of the article.

What is the effect of removing Article 370?

In April 2018, the Supreme Court of India ruled that Article 370 had attained permanency since the state constituent assembly has ceased to exist. To overcome this legal challenge, the Indian government instead rendered Article 370 as ‘inoperative’ even though it still exists in the constitution.

What are the basic features of constitution?

The basic structure of the Constitution i.e. its most fundamental features can be described as: Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles, Secularism, Federalism, Republicanism, Independence of Judiciary, Rule of Law, and Liberal Democracy.

What is the 43rd Amendment?

The 43rd Amendment repealed six articles – 31D, 32A, 131A, 144A, 226A and 228A – that had been inserted into the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment. Articles 145, 228 and 366 were amended to facilitate the omission of these six articles.

How many amendments are there?

27 amendmentsThe 27 amendments of the US Constitution and what they mean – Insider.

How many articles are there in the Constitution?

seven articlesThe Constitution of the United States contains a preamble and seven articles that describe the way the government is structured and how it operates.