Question: Is Baculovirus A Biocontrol Agent?

What does recombinant protein mean?

Recombinant proteins are a new combination of genes that forms DNA.

Recombinant DNA technology allows for the production of wild type and modified human and mammalian proteins at bulk quantities.

Recombinant proteins are made from cloned DNA sequences which usually encode an enzyme or protein with known function..

What are natural enemies?

Natural enemies are insects that eat other organisms that we consider pests. They can be divided into two categories: Natural enemies are grouped into two types based on their life cycle: 1) predators. 2) parasitoids.

What are the 3 methods of pest control?

Control methodsBiological pest control.Cultural control.Trap cropping.Pesticides.Physical pest control.Poisoned bait.Fumigation.Sterilization.More items…

What is IPM in pest control?

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. … IPM takes advantage of all appropriate pest management options including, but not limited to, the judicious use of pesticides.

Which one is true for majority of baculoviruses used as biological control agents?

The majority of baculoviruses used as biological control agents are in the genus Nucleopolyhedrovirus. 2. These viruses are excellent candidates for species-specific, narrow spectrum insecticidal applications. 3.

What is baculovirus and cellular DNA?

Baculoviruses are DNA viruses that infect insect cells. Use of baculovirus as a vector to introduce cDNAs into insect cells results in high expression of recombinant protein (up to 25 to 50% of total cellular protein, or 1 g of protein per 109 cells, although 10 to 100 mg of protein per 109 cells is more usual32 ).

What type of organism does the nuclear polyhedrosis virus mostly attack?

The nuclear polyhedrosis virus (NPV), part of the family of baculoviruses, is a virus affecting insects, predominantly moths and butterflies. It has been used as a pesticide.

How does baculovirus expression system work?

The BacPAK System uses the baculovirus Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) to produce target proteins in insect cells. The target gene is inserted into a shuttle vector, which is cotransfected into insect host cells with the linearized BacPAK6 Viral DNA.

What is a Bacmid?

Noun. bacmid (plural bacmids) (cytology) A shuttle vector that can be propagated in both E. coli and insect cells.

What is biological pest control an example?

Biological control example An example of biological control is the release of parasitic wasps to control aphids. Aphids are a pest of plants and cause huge damage to plants as they remove nutrients from the plant. The parasitic wasp lays eggs in aphids, as shown in the movie.

What are baculoviruses explain their role in bio control of pests?

Baculoviruses have double stranded DNA that have species specific (the genus Nucleopolyhedrovirus) and narrow-based insecticidal properties and are used as biological control agents. They kill the insects and arthropods. Since they do not have any negative effects on plants, they are used in organic farming.

Can baculovirus infect human cells?

Interestingly, baculovirus can infect mammalian cells very efficiently, although it replicates only in insect cells. … It has not been established whether nondividing mammalian cells can be infected and, if so, what the mechanism of entry of the viral genome into the nucleus is.

Which group of viruses help in biological control?

The most common and effective type of insect viruses are the baculoviruses, which as a group are known to infect over 600 insect species worldwide. Most baculoviruses infect caterpillars, which are the immature form of moths and butterflies.