How Long Should The EpiPen Be Held In Place Following The Administration?

Why do you put an EpiPen in your thigh?

As opposed to the upper arm, the thigh muscle is one of the body’s largest muscles with more blood supply, so it allows much faster absorption of the medication.

The outer thigh, versus the front of the thigh, is recommended because it provides a skin area with thinner tissue and less fat.

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When should an EpiPen be used?

If you have been prescribed EpiPen®, you should carry it with you at all times… and use it immediately at the first signs and symptoms of a severe allergic reaction. In a severe allergic emergency, quick symptom recognition and immediate treatment are vital.

How much epinephrine do you give for anaphylaxis?

Epinephrine 1:1,000 dilution, 0.2 to 0.5 mL (0.2 to 0.5 mg) in adults, or 0.01 mg per kg in children, should be injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly, usually into the upper arm. The site may be gently massaged to facilitate absorption. The dose may be repeated two or three times at 10 to 15 minutes intervals.

What is the antidote for epinephrine?

In one study, phentolamine reversed epinephrine injection after 1 hour 25 minutes in human subjects, compared with the controls that took 5 hours 19 minutes. Phentolamine is the most frequently cited treatment in cases of accidental injection with epinephrine auto-injector devices.

How long should you hold an EpiPen in place?

Place the orange tip against the middle of the outer thigh (upper leg) at a right angle (perpendicular) to the thigh. Swing and push the auto-injector firmly until it “clicks.” The click signals that the injection has started. Hold firmly in place for 3 seconds (count slowly 1, 2, 3).

What happens when epinephrine is administered?

Epinephrine is a chemical that narrows blood vessels and opens airways in the lungs. These effects can reverse severe low blood pressure, wheezing, severe skin itching, hives, and other symptoms of an allergic reaction.

How fast does an epipen work?

Dr. Brown generally recommends between 5 and 15 minutes as a reasonable timeframe between doses to determine if the epinephrine has taken effect. She says that “if you have someone who looks like they are not breathing, they are turning blue, they are passed out, you would shorten the time window.”

How do you feel after epi pen?

Fast/pounding heartbeat, nervousness, sweating, nausea, vomiting, trouble breathing, headache, dizziness, anxiety, shakiness, or pale skin may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

What should you immediately do after you inject the EpiPen?

If you accidentally inject EpiPen or EpiPen Jr Auto-Injector into any other part of your body, go immediately to the nearest emergency room. Tell the healthcare provider where on your body you received the accidental injection.

How many times can an EpiPen be used?

How many doses can be given? Each EpiPen® contains one dose of adrenaline and can only be used once. More than two sequential doses of adrenaline should only be administered under direct medical supervision.

What does epinephrine do for anaphylaxis?

Epinephrine is the medication of choice for the first-aid treatment of anaphylaxis. Through vasoconstrictor effects, it prevents or decreases upper airway mucosal edema (laryngeal edema), hypotension, and shock. In addition, it has important bronchodilator effects and cardiac inotropic and chronotropic effects.

Can EpiPen go through jeans?

The EpiPen needle will be able to pierce through most types of clothing, so pants do not need to be removed first in an allergic emergency. Hold the EpiPen device firmly against the thigh for a total of 10 seconds while the medication is being injected.

Can you administer an out of date EpiPen?

Certain batches of adult EpiPen auto-injectors can be safely used for four months after the expiry date has passed – please see further information about these batches above.

What happens if you use an EpiPen when not needed?

An accidental injection to the hands or feet can impair blood flow to these areas and can potentially cause tissue death. This however, is the worst-case scenario. Symptoms of an accidental injection are not usually so severe and may include: temporary numbness or tingling.

What happens if you inject epinephrine into a vein?

Do not inject epinephrine into a vein or into the muscles of your buttocks, or it may not work as well. Inject it only into the fleshy outer portion of the thigh. Accidentally injecting epinephrine into your hands or feet may result in a loss of blood flow to those areas, and resulting numbness.